The millennium inheritance activity of folk custom North Sea sacrifice
Chinese folk beliefs have two characteristics: antiquity, many ancient gods retained; particularity, integrated with Buddhism, Taoism and primitive beliefs. According to records, Beginning with Emperor Qin Shihuang east tour sea sacrifice, the sea sacrifice in Binhai Economic-technological Development Area has a history of more than 2000 years.
In the Yuan dynasty, along with the development of fishery and salt industries, the folk sea sacrifice activities reach a peak, and the arbitrary dispersed sacrifices can not meet people's spiritual requirement. At that time, the situation is: you can access the natural resource here at any time, but there is no place to pray if you want pray to the gods to bless you. When a natrual disaster comes, although the gods can bless you, there is no place to pray to the gods to eliminate the disasters. If you wang to pray on the 1st and 15th days of lunnar month, and so you do at the beginning of each year, there is no place to carry out, either.
In order to facilitate sacrifice, In 1329, the Bao'en Temple was started to build at the Gudichang of Shandong east salt transport department of Yuan dynasty, now near to Yangzi street premises. The Yuan dynasty Gudichang Bao'en Temple sacrifice culture begins to form which mainly depends on the Buddhist ceremony. It becomes the main part of ancient sea sacrifice activities that occur along the Weifang coast.
Over nearly a thousand years, the Gudichang Bao'en Temple sacrifice culture has been basically present in the folk tradition. Every Chinese new year festival, lunnar January 15th and 16th, Binhai people carry out the sea sacrifice activity at the Laohekou dam and the fishing harbor. On lunnar January 16th 2015, people from Weifang Binhai Economic-technological Development Area voluntarily organized the 1st Binhai Folk Custom Sea Sacrifice Festival (later changed to Weifang North Sea Folk Custom Sea Sacrifice Festival), who prayed for the coast people and wished the gods bless people, the world is peaceful, people are happy, and Binhai prospers. Through performances, they called on people to care for ecology and ocean. The festival further promotes the integration of regional culture and tourism industry, enriches the marine culture scenery in Binhai, and increases the cultural heritage of coast people.
On the day of Sea Sacrifice Festival, Weifang Binhai Economic-technological Development Area Joy Sea has a really jolly time. The Folk Custom Sea Sacrifice Festival inherits the traditonal sacrifice way of Bao'en Temple, no fire, only pray, art performances etc., advocating purification of ecological environment and protection of marine life.
The Folk Custom Sea Sacrifice activity focuses on Buddha, Poseidon Matsu and the Dragon King, has many contents including master admission, reading the sacrifice oration, chanting and praying, watering, salvation and folk custom singing and dancing.
Weifang North Sea Folk Custom Sea Sacrifice Festival oration: here is vast ocean and huge wave. this is an ancient fishery and salt town with a long history where Charming Binhai is located. Our ancestors live on the sea farming and suffer from vicissitudes. The gods bless us and allow us to prosper. With rich resources people are happy forever. Thanks for the gods, now this area prospers widely. We sincerely pray for blessing the world is peaceful; people are happy with their living and the society prospers!
Weifang Binhai fishery and salt industries are prosperous. The local people voluntarily organize to come to Joy Sea site for the traditional Folk Custom Sea Sacrifice Festival, which not only indicates their ocean consciousness is improved, but also enriches the marine tourism. Beginning with Emperor Qin Shihuang east tour sea sacrifice, Emperor Li Shimin Tangtouying sea sacrifice, Yuan dynasty Gudichang Bao'en Temple sacrifice culture and other historical allusions, it indicates that the ancient sea sacrifice activities that occur at the Weifang coast are very grand. For people who are born and grow up in Binhai, this folk custom sea sacrifice activity is particularly attracting. It says one lives on mountain when near to mountain or lives on sea when near to sea. This sea nourishes generations of Binhai descendants and people hope to use this new environmentally friendly way to sacrifice, in order to arouse the awareness of people to love, cherish and protect ocean.
That how one city treats its folk custom culture involves its culture tradition and status! While respecting nature, you shall insist on the people-oriented concept, following science and civilization, and only such culture activity can influence and move people. Both the activity of Weifang North Sea Folk Custom Sea Sacrifice Festival and the environmentally friendly way to sacrifice are welcome, which not only attract more tourists, but also fully carry forward the outstanding culture, and allow the folk custom activity to become one beautiful card indicating that Weifang inherits and develops the marine culture.